Island in Greece
The wild volcanic landscape, the rugged cliffs, the wild nature and beautiful beaches combined with its rich history and traditions make Santorini the gem of Greece.
The crescent-shaped Caldera of Santorini was formed more than 3,500 years ago when a huge volcanic eruption occurred. The landscape consists of steep rocks and massive cliffs, often above cloud level. The Caldera is the only inhabited caldera in the world.
The traditional village of Oia, with its postcard-like scenery, is the best place to watch the sunset in Santorini. It is a maze of cubic-shaped houses, whitewashed terraces, windmills and blue domes. The busy little town of Fira, capital of Santorini, is a great place to admire the Aegean Sea, the majestic volcano and the whitewashed houses above the steep cliffs. Imerovigli village, built on the highest point of the caldera, used to be a lookout point in the past and a Venetian fortress was constructed there.
Archaeologists believe that the town of Akrotiri was originally built in 4,500 BC but in the 17th century BC, it was destroyed by an earthquake. A new town was built on the ruins of the old town until it was destroyed by the volcanic eruption. The entire town was covered with ashes and lava which preserve Akrotiri through time.
- Half of Santorini caldera is submerged which makes it the only sunken caldera in the world.
- The volcano of Santorini remains still active and along centuries many eruptions have occasionally occurred.
- The Red Beach Santorini is probably the most famous and beautiful beaches of Santorini. It is named after the colour of its sand and rocks.